The rise and advances of new automation and artificial intelligence software algorithms, including those that learn predictive models from historical data, are making increasingly consequential predictive decisions. Such decisions are having an impact on the lives of people in domains as diverse as digital media, advertising, finance, credit, employment, education and criminal sentencing.
Marketers and companies need to understand that we are entering into a new generation of optimizing websites for search engines.
As far as the adage, “SEO is Dead”, it is NOT. But, as Bob Dylan stated in 1964, “The Times They Are a-Changin”.
While many principles and tactics stay the same in search engine optimization, we cannot deny the current path of technological breakthroughs, such as the introduction of complex machine learning algorithm systems like Google’s RankBrain.
To the non-search engineer, CTO or data scientist, the concept of RankBrain may seem technical and intimidating, but it is one that chief marketing officers for brands — not just technically savvy search marketers — will have to understand to be competitive in 2017 and beyond.
An Intro to Google’s RankBrain
RankBrain is a machine learning artificial narrow intelligence system that was introduced to the public in 2015. Bloomberg was the first news publication in mainstream media to break Google’s newest search ranking factor called RankBrain, first with an interview with Greg Corrado, a senior research scientist at Google.
And while the public officially met RankBrain in 2015, Google’s Matt Cutts (former webmaster), had been mentioning it as early as 2013.
RankBrain is designed to better understand the meaning behind the words a person uses and types into his or her search engine. This Google blog post discusses this concept into trying to better understand word relationships. You will definitely want to learn more about this technology!
From the aforementioned Bloomberg interview and article, we came to learn that 15% of queries per day have never been seen by Google before, and RankBrain is helping to interpret those obscure search queries. Bruce Clay, a veteran SEO marketer, discusses how SEOs should approach RankBrain in this podcast.
The Rise of Mobile: a Primary Driver of RankBrain’s Existence?
It seems as though mobile search drove the need for RankBrain even further than Google thought it would. Mobile search behavior has been a game changer, especially when it comes to voice search (Siri, Alexa, etc), something most smartphone users take advantage of.
As you may know, most queries tend to be much more conversational using voice search versus typing when using a computer device.
RankBrain deals well with the conversational long-tail queries that are common to voice search today, although there are still plenty of long tail searches typed into Google’s search bar, as well.
I believe that RankBrain is preparing for the world where voice search will become more and more the norm.
As voice recognition software like Siri, Cortana, Google Voice, and Amazon Echo becomes more sophisticated, more of us will begin to use voice search to find information. Voice search has already been on the rise for a while now. In fact, the speech recognition error rate has decreased from 25 percent to 8 percent , and in a presentation by Mary Meeker, a partner at the VC firm, Kleiner Perkins Caufield Byers, on the popular KPCB internet trends report, stated that voiced search is up 7 fold since 2010.
And it’s not only voice search coming from smartphones and iPads, we also have to factor in and consider voice assistants such as Google Home. Where such new developments will lead us remains to be seen–we need to know how exactly a precise device’s answers will pull from web results. This year, 35.6 million Americans will use a voice-activated assistant device at least once a month. That’s a jump of 128.9% over last year.Amazon’s Echo speaker will have 70.6% of users. Meanwhile, Google Home will trail far behind with just 23.8% of the market. Needless to say: Voice search is on the rise, particularly among millennials.
A Rundown of What RankBrain Actually Does
RankBrain was designed to better analyze the language of websites in Google’s index and then apply that analysis to a particular search query. Another way to look at this is to think about how, within Google, there are a number of core algorithms that exist. It is RankBrain’s job to learn what mixture of these core algorithms can best be applied to each type of search result. And, by better understanding the search query, RankBrain can hopefully better match users with websites and pages. The purpose is to better understand the meaning of content and the intent behind a search query. Once RankBrain better understands the intent, it can presumably apply the appropriate Google algorithm signals that deserve the most weight for that search query.
For example, in certain search results, RankBrain might learn that the most important signal is the Meta Title. Adding more significance to the Meta Title matching algorithm might lead to a better searcher experience. But, in another search result, this very same signal might have a horrible correlation with a good searcher experience. So, in that other vertical, another algorithm, maybe PageRank, might be promoted more.
Along with the ability to better understand concepts on a web page, RankBrain also allows for a better understanding of the association between multiple queries, such as:
“Where is the Empire State building?”
“How tall is it?”
How Does RankBrain Actually Learn? Examples of RankBrain in Action.
Basically, RankBrain can take sets of “training” data created by human engineers to help establish a baseline. It can then apply controlled machine learning to determine the best search results on a variety of factors over time. Google also confirmed, in the same aforementioned Blomberg article, and later in this article by Danny Sullivan , from Search Engine Land, that Google frequently updates the system by feeding it new data to better reason with new concepts.
During an SMX West Expo conference, speakers Marcus Tober, founder of Searchmetrics, and Eric Enge, CEO of Stone Temple consulting, respectively, shared examples of RankBrain working in action.
One of the studies mentioned showed how RankBrain better interpreted the relationships between words. This can include the use of stop words in a search query (“the,” “and,” without,” etc) — words that were historically ignored previously by Google but are sometimes of a major importance to fully understanding the meaning or intent behind a person’s search query. RankBrain can see patterns between searches that are seemingly unconnected, to understand how those searches are similar to each other. RankBrain will then understand future complex searches and associates those searches with results that it thinks searchers are looking for. There is a cycle of allowing RankBrain to learn material offline, then test it, and then take the new version live. The cycle repeats with new material. The more the cycle is repeated, the smarter RankBrain gets and can better handle those uncommon search queries.
Let’s say we use the example of the comedy TV series “The Office”. This is an example of a search that would be taken out of context without reading and incorporating the all-important “the” word if it was indeed typed into to the search box.
Another example explained by Gary Illyes, a Google web trends analyst, in an interview notes: “Can you get 100% score on Super Mario without walk-through?” Ignoring “without” would potentially return search results on getting a 100% score on Super Mario with a walk-through…in essence, the opposite results a person was trying to get via the search query.
There are other theories on how RankBrain might use data to learn to show the best results for a query. It is also completely possible that a searcher’s engagement with the search result might be a factor in how RankBrain determines the relevancy of a result, as Rand Fishkin founder of Moz, suggests in a keynote last July 2016.
For example, if someone clicks a search result and doesn’t hit the back button (pogo-sticking), and return to the search results to start clicking on other website pages, this could be an indication to Google, that the searcher found what he or she was looking for.
Thus the machine could then presumably learn over time that a low bounce rate signals a relevant result so that web page could show up more often and be shown higher in search results related to that query.
Here’s a visual of that concept from Rand Fishkin’s keynote presentation:
How RankBrain Works with Other Google Algorithm Ranking Signals
As mentioned earlier in this guide post, RankBrain is essentially built into the Google query process to better understand language and make an improved match between the search query and the websites in the index.
Remember, as mentioned by many “Googlers,” Google still uses hundreds of other ranking signals that it can apply to a search query to identify the best results.
In 2016, a Googler named Andrey Lipattsev confirmed that RankBrain was now among it’s top three ranking signals for search, along with links and content as the other two most influential factors. This is an important concept for marketers and business owners to understand. Google clearly stated that the signals that the SEO marketing world believes to be important still matter quite a lot: quality content and authoritative links.
While the content on a website and its links are both vital to determining meaning and relevance, RankBrain works in partnership by assisting the Google search engine to better determine if a website is the most relevant to the searchers implied intent–based on signals and algorithms. According to Aleh Barysevich the CMO of Link-Assistant.com, there are 7 ways Google rewrites search queries behind the scenes to produce better search results.
What RankBrain Means for Your SEO and Online Marketing Strategy
OK, now for some action items …
SEO and Your Content
First, let’s discuss content. For many marketers, it’s actually just business as usual. You should examine your content to ensure it provides the best, most comprehensive answers to satisfy a particular query, whether you are trying to rank for an informational page or selling a product or service.
RankBrain is a machine learning system, but it still needs input from your site. It’s working better to understand and make connections about concepts. For example, we can give RankBrain credit for understanding a page is about basketball even if the words, and only the words, “Golden State Warriors” and “Cleveland Cavaliers” are present on a page.
One of the goals of SEO is to better help search engines understand what your content is about. It is still crucial that you make sure to include the keywords that are relevant and important to your company on your website’s pages. This includes “stemming” keywords (like “walked” and “walking” along with “walk” and “walks”) while using synonyms and natural word variations to help make connections between ideas.
Another example of this could be the word “mercury.” You could use this word “mercury” 12 times on a page, but if you forget to use the word “planet”, then the search engine may be confused about the subject of the page. Is it an element, a car, insurance or something else?
This is when the time for exploring and implementing structured data markup, which helps search engines to better make connections as to what a page is about more easily, is essential.
Remember, the Little Things Matter as they Always Have in Search Engine Optimization
You will want to continue to pay attention to make sure your search results listings stand out from the crowd if one of your marketing goals includes ranking on the first page. That means ensuring each web page has unique metadata in addition to exploring other ways you can make your page stand out; using schema markup and useful, engaging content.
Another question to ask: once people land on your website, is it helping them move farther along in their journey by offering up related content that explores a topic/product/service or more? This can be done by siloing your content to create subject themes around the key terms that will help your website rank on search results pages for your business.
RankBrain and Digital Marketing Strategies
I mentioned earlier that RankBrain will likely favor big brands. So what happens if you are a startup or small business?
Now is the time to start thinking about improving your online marketing team and strategy, if you haven’t already. While it’s a great idea to have a robust and thorough SEO and content marketing strategy, it’s never a great idea to put all of your eggs or marketing budget in one basket, so to speak.
In the era of RankBrain, even though the basics of search engine optimization that marketers know and love are still crucial, it is suggested that you also think of creative ways to grab that SERP real estate. That could mean if you are not in the upper echelon of well-known brands online, you could consider supplementing your search marketing strategy with PPC advertising. Also, Google is pushing organic results down even further in SERPs- when it took away the right rail of ads and added a 4th ad now being shown for commercial and transactional queries, we see this in action. On December 15th, 2016, Google rolled out a new desktop search interface that mimics its modular mobile user interface. To those unfamiliar with the mobile design, the new desktop design actually looks like it and consists of a tabular design that highlights search features in boxes. This is essentially imitating the desktop Knowledge Graph real estate, which appears in the right-hand rail of the search engine result page and allows for featured elements to frequently display Twitter carousels, People Also Search For, and Top Stories (vertical and horizontal design) modules.
Google’s semantic search is powered by the Knowledge Graph in numerous ways. The Knowledge Graph is a collection of entities – specific objects that Google knows a few things about, such as persons, places, and things. The Knowledge Graph’s impact on search results stretches far beyond the branded panels that are sometimes displayed to the right of organic listings. Knowledge Graph data is used in organic rankings, rich answers, and various query-specific types of search results.
Critical Technical SEO Issues to Examine
In the age of RankBrain, these foundational technical SEO issues still matter.
Prioritizing an SEO to do list is is important for business. Focus your resources on SEO work that is actually going to improve rankings, increase clicks and drive revenue. Most companies should focus on engagement SEO work, but technical tasks can’t be ignored completely — especially if you have major problems, such as any of these listed below:
RankBrain Is Not the End of SEO but it is Changing it
If your company is worried about how RankBrain impacts SEO, there is quite possibly more to worry about than you may think.
RankBrain is search results relevance on steroids. Simply put, you must improve your content relevancy to match the query intent. Yes, SEO best practices are crucial to traffic, and rankings are competitive than ever.
But, it’s also important for startups to focus their content marketing strategies, from a macro and micro level, and how your website’s content (as a whole) helps to answer the questions your audience is looking for.
And don’t forget to supplement your digital marketing strategy with things like paid search, remarketing social and other channels to keep your brand top of mind.
Technology is advancing rapidly, and buyer expectations and demands are evolving alongside these innovations. Today’s critical SEO priorities will be tomorrow’s outdated practices because search engines are designed to cater to people, and people change. A few SEO takeaways to keep in mind:
- Each competitive keyword environment will need to be examined on its own
- Most sites will need to stay niche to avoid misclassification
- Each site should mimic the structure and composition of their respective top sites in that niche
Do you have insights on the impact of RankBrain on search rankings? I want to know. Leave a comment below.